Animal Health Australia (AHA) works with the Australian livestock industries and the state departments of primary industries to manage the Australian Johne’s Disease Market Assurance Programs (MAPs), which highlights herds and flocks with a low risk of infection.
How MAPs provide buyer assurance
The Australian Johne’s Disease (JD) Market Assurance Programs (MAPs) are voluntary programs for producers to identify and promote their high assurance (low-risk) Johne’s disease status to clients.
Herds and flocks participating in the MAPs are not accredited as free of JD, but they have a lower risk of being infected compared to non-assessed herds and flocks.
Producers can minimise the spread of JD by sourcing replacement animals from herds or flocks in the MAP.
Participating herds or flocks are tested to determine their disease status and managed to reduce the risk of infection. Over 4 years, herds or flocks can progress from Monitored Negative 1 (MN1) through to Monitored Negative 3 (MN3) status, which is the highest level of assurance.
The longer a herd or flock is in the MAP and the higher the status, the greater the confidence that it is not infected.
How to find a MAP flock or herd
Search for cattle, sheep, goats and alpacas in your region—and narrow the search results by breed, property, owner, stud, nearest town, or certificate number.
Purpose of the MAPs
Livestock breeders can use MAPs to assure clients that their herds or flocks have been assessed for Johne’s disease using a nationally consistent method, and that their animals are being managed to protect them from Johne’s disease.
MAPs are designed to:
- provide a pool of low risk replacement animals for producers who want to reduce the risk of introducing infection, including properties restocking as part of a Property Disease Management Plan (PDMP)
- allow producers in high prevalence areas to demonstrate the low-risk status of their flocks or herds so they can sell replacement animals
- facilitate the movement of low-risk animals between properties.
Why MAPs are a long-term commitment
Johne’s disease has a long incubation, usually of several years. Most infected animals do not show the typical signs of the disease during their lifetimes, although they may be shedding bacteria in faeces and infecting other animals.
Current tests have limited ability to detect individual animals infected with Johne’s disease, especially when they are young or have only been recently infected.
Most replacement animals are bought when they are young, when testing gives very little confidence that they are not infected.
The MAPs rely on repeat testing of large numbers of adult animals to determine the status of the herd or flock, and testing over several years can increase assurance.
Without an objective assessment like the MAP, vendors can give little assurance about the Johne’s status of their animals. A vendor may have no idea whether a herd or flock is infected and may continue to sell bulls and heifers or rams and ewes, putting clients at risk of infection.
How livestock producers can join the MAPs
- Confirm that your local veterinarian is approved to supervise your property or find a MAP-approved vet on our database—narrow your search by name, jurisdiction or nearest town. Veterinarians offering MAP services are certified by the Chief Veterinary Officer in your state as meeting the set requirements.
- Download the appropriate MAP manual – info can be found under the relevant species heading below.
- Arrange for the vet to complete a property risk assessment and initial Johne’s disease testing.
- Provide a one-off joining fee of $100 for your veterinarian to submit with the ‘Status notification form’ to your state MAP coordinator. The fee is payable to your state department of primary industries.
- Arrange audits as required by the MAP.
Note CattleMAP ceased on Nov 1st 2016.
How veterinarians can offer MAP services
Before agreeing to supervise a producer’s MAP, veterinarians must hold a certificate from the state’s Chief Veterinary Officer stating that they have met the requirements.
Online training is provided to veterinarians who want to participate in the MAPs.
- Read the MAP Veterinary Guidelines to better understand the role of vets in the MAPs.
- Undergo the APAV and MAP training
- Contact your state MAP coordinator to participate in the MAPs.
How MAPs are audited
Producers in a MAP need to arrange an annual review (internal audit) of their property and MAP-approved flock or herd. The supervising veterinarian completes the annual review and identifies ways for the producer to improve the implementation of the MAP.
In recognition of the number of audits already successfully completed by many Market Assurance Program (MAP) producers, the high level of compliance demonstrated in the past 10 years and with the review of the National BJD Strategic Plan, the MAP Reference Group decided to postpone the next round of MAP external audits (July 2015).
This decision will be in place until further notice. The livestock councils will use this time to complete the review of their industry’s MAP. The SheepMAP review has already commenced.
- Download a list of quality auditors who have attended a MAP information session: MAP auditors list updated Jan 2014.
The producer pays the cost of the audits.
Beef cattle and goat producers could apply for a partial rebate on the cost of the external review (audit) once every 3 years.
How to promote your MAP status
Once enrolled in the MAP, commercial producers can use free farm gate signs and the MAP logo (e.g. in sales catalogues) to promote the Johne’s disease status of their herd or flock.
Different MAPs for different livestock
The JD Market Assurance Program for Alpaca (AlpacaMAP) has closed.
This was decided by the Australian Alpaca Association (AAA), and AHA after low participation numbers for many years and the launch of a new biosecurity initiative for alpacas.
Q Alpaca is a voluntary alpaca quality assurance program maintained by the AAA. Alpaca growers who participate in Q Alpaca work with veterinarians.
A new biosecurity initiative for alpaca owners. There is initially one module of Alpaca CheQA available, with further levels in development.
The baseline module of Alpaca CheQA is available to all members at no cost, with no audit.
Visit the AAA website for more information about their biosecurity programs.
Animal Health Australia (AHA) manages the Australian Market Assurance Program for Goats (GoatMAP) to help producers identify and promote their low risk of Johne’s disease and caprine arthritis encephalitis infection.
Visit the GoatMAP page for more information, forms and manuals.
Animal Health Australia (AHA) manages the Australian Johne’s Disease Market Assurance Program for Sheep (SheepMAP) to help producers identify and promote their low risk of Johne’s disease.
Introduced in 1997, SheepMAP aims to reduce the impact of ovine Johne’s disease (JD) on the Australian sheep flock, to help ensure the long-term sustainability of the sheepmeat and wool industries in Australia. It does this through on-farm biosecurity practices, testing and vaccination.
The SheepMAP manual covers the background to the program, how it is managed, brief details of how testing operates and the review processes in place.
How to establish and maintain a SheepMAP flock is detailed in the Rules and Guidelines manual.
- Download the SheepMAP manual
- Download the SheepMAP Collated Resources and Forms
- Download the SheepMAP Checklists for Flock Managers
- Download the SheepMAP Checklists for Approved Veterinarians
Download the SheepMAP forms below:
The following documents are requirements of SheepMAP:
- Document control register
- Agreement between flock owner and approved veterinarian
- Document Control Register
- SheepMAP Review Checklist and Report
- Corrective Action and Improvement Report
- Notification of status
The following documents are not requirements of SheepMAP but are provided as a resource or reference point:
- SheepMAP Collated Resources and Forms
- SheepMAP Checklists for Flock Managers
- SheepMAP Checklists for Approved Veterinarians
- Boundary and Inspection Record
- Flock and Property Risk Assessment
- Introduced Animals
- Record of Testing
- Livestock Movement Record
- Livestock Identification Record
- Flock Management Plan
- Model Letter to Neighbours
- Record of Neighbouring Properties
- Record of Straying Sheep
- Sheep Selected for PFC Testing
- Sample Identification
- Test Results Form
- Test Results – Handling of Reactors
- Vaccination Record
- S010205R online version SheepMAP Auditor Checklist
Advice for veterinarians
Flock certificate and status notification forms are included in the current SheepMAP Forms and Resources but please check with your state MAP coordinator before using the flock certificate form.
In some states, the department of primary industries will issue the flock certificate directly. In others, the state MAP coordinator will advise the veterinarian of the number to record on the flock certificate.
All vaccinated sheep must be identified with an NLIS (Sheep) tag that contains the property identification code (PIC) or a number with the letter ‘V’. The flock status will also include a ‘V’ to indicate that it is vaccinated (e.g. MN2-V).
All SheepMAP flocks are required to have an annual review (internal audit) by the MAP-approved veterinarian and comply with the other SheepMAP requirements, including an external audit once every 3 years (currently on hold). Producers can select their preferred quality auditor from a list of approved auditors and arrange for the external audit to be held in conjunction with other industry quality audits, such as those required by the LPA programs.
Reviews of SheepMAP
SheepMAP 2018 Review
GHD undertook a consultative review of SheepMAP in 2018. WPA and SPA considered their recommendations and agreed that SheepMAP will continue. It has now been revised to meet the previous technical review recommendations.
CattleMAP for the beef and dairy cattle industries ceased on 1 Nov 2016. See the Johne’s disease in cattle page for how JD is managed now.
AHA maintains a MAP training program and associated resources to assist veterinarians to complete the training necessary to meet the requirements of the MAP.
MAP coordinator contacts
New South Wales
NSW Department of Primary Industries
PO Box 232
TAREE NSW 2430
Phone: 02 6552 3000
Department of Agriculture and Fisheries
Ph: 0457 049 728
Department of Agriculture and Fisheries
Ph: 0499 860 249
AlpacaMAP and GoatMAP
Dr Jeremy Rogers
State Flora, Bremer Rd, Murray Bridge
PO Box 469 Murray Bridge SA 5253
Ph: (08) 8539 2110
Fax: (08) 8539 2120
Rachel van Dissel
Primary Industries and Regions South Australia
Ph: (08) 8568 6417
Department of Jobs, Precincts and Regions
475 Mickleham Road
Attwood VIC 3049
0459 865 074
Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment
PO Box 303
Devonport TAS 7310
Ph: (03) 6478 4121
Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development
Narrogin, Western Australia 6312
Ph: (08) 9780 6185